If mathematics is a human activity and a knowledge system (with its instrumentalities), produced by human labour, then mathematics is both a site of resitance as well as an instrument for larger socio-political transformation. However the resistance using mathematics cannot be in isolation from the struggle for emancipation of labour that produces it. Mostly this labour is organized outside of the formal temples of math, such as the classroom, university and the seminar halls. Resistance within the halls of mathematics is inseparable from the struggles of the people. On the other hand, people’s struggles need to use the liberatory power of mathematics to counter the oppressive forces that have appropriated mathematics. In this section, we aim to disucss (and archive) the histories of such resistance, ongoing struggles, future prospects, possibilities and needs.